The United States has declared a monkeypox outbreak a public health emergency, U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Xavier Becerra said Thursday, a move expected to free up additional funding and tools to fight the disease.

The World Health Organization has also declared monkeypox a “public health emergency of international concern,” its highest alert level. The WHO declaration in late July was designed to trigger a coordinated international response and could unlock funding to collaborate on sharing vaccines and treatments.

The declaration comes as the Biden administration has faced criticism over the pace of vaccine availability for monkeypox.

Clinics in major cities like New York and San Francisco say they haven’t received enough of the two-shot vaccine to meet demand and some have had to stop offering the second dose of the vaccine to ensure supply of first doses.

The White House said it has made more than 1.1 million doses of vaccine available and has helped to boost domestic diagnostic capacity to 80,000 tests per week.

WATCH | This American came to Canada for the monkeypox vaccine:

To get the monkeypox vaccine, this American came to Canada

Seattle, Wash., resident Justin Moore trucked across the border at British Columbia, along with several friends, to get vaccinated for monkeypox, something he says he couldn’t get at home. He described the Canadian experience as ‘uplifting.’

The monkeypox virus spreads through prolonged and close skin-to-skin contact, including hugging, cuddling and kissing, as well as sharing bedding, towels and clothing. It can cause fever, body aches, chills, fatigue and pimple-like bumps on many parts of the body.

There have been more than 6,600 cases in the United States, as of Wednesday, almost all of them among men who have sex with men. But health officials emphasize that the virus can infect anyone.

The announcement comes three days after the Biden administration named top officials from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to serve as the White House co-ordinators to combat the monkeypox outbreak.

News of the expected declaration was first reported Thursday by Politico.

‘Sounds a global alarm’

Such a declaration is an important — and overdue — step, said Lawrence Gostin, a public health law expert at Georgetown University.

“It signals the U.S. government’s seriousness and purpose, and sounds a global alarm,” he said.

Under a declaration by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the agency can draw from emergency funds, hire or reassign staff to deal with the outbreak, and take other steps to control the virus.


A public health emergency can be extended, similar to what happened during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Gostin said the U.S. government has been too cautious, and should have declared a nationwide emergency earlier. Public health measures to control outbreaks have increasingly faced legal challenges in recent years, but Gostin didn’t expect that to happen with monkeypox.

“It is a textbook case of a public health emergency,” Gostin said. “It’s not a red or a blue state issue. There is no political opposition to fighting monkeypox.”

A person receives a monkeypox vaccine at a pop-up clinic in West Hollywood, Calif., on Wednesday. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)

The government’s decision comes after others made similar declarations.

The World Health Organization’s global emergency declaration came after cases of monkeypox were reported in more than 70 countries. California, Illinois, and New York have all made declarations in the last week, as have New York City, San Francisco and San Diego County.